Developmental disabilities are birth defects that cause lifelong problems with how a body part or system works, and can include:
- Nervous system disabilities affecting how the brain, spinal cord and nervous system function. They cause mental retardation, including Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome. They also cause learning and behavioral disorders, such as autism
- Sensory-related disabilities, which can cause vision, hearing and sight problems
- Metabolic disorders such as phenylketonuria, which affect how your body processes the materials it needs to function
- Degenerative disorders such as Rett syndrome, which might only become apparent when children are older and can cause physical and mental problems
Most developmental disabilities have no cure, but there are a variety of treatment options, including physical, speech and occupational therapy. Special education classes and psychological counseling may also help.
For additional resources on developmental disabilities, please click on the following:
- Developmental Disabilities, from the National Institutes of Health
- Support for Parents of Kids with Special Needs, from KidsHealth.org
To learn more about the services offered to those with developmental disabilities at St. Louis Behavioral Medicine Institute, please contact us at (314) 289-9411 for our St. Louis City location and (636) 532-9188 for our Chesterfield location, you can also choose to complete our online inquiry form. We look forward to speaking with you.