Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
Oppositional defiant disorder is a pattern of disobedient, hostile, and defiant behavior toward authority figures. It occurs more commonly in boys than in girls. This behavior typically starts by age 8, but it may start as early as the preschool years. This disorder is thought to be caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors. Symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder include:
- Actively does not follow adults’ requests
- Angry and resentful of others
- Argues with adults
- Blames others for own mistakes
- Has few or no friends or has lost friends
- Is in constant trouble in school
- Loses temper
- Spiteful or seeks revenge
- Touchy or easily annoyed
To fit this diagnosis, the pattern must last for at least 6 months and must be more than normal childhood misbehavior. The pattern of behaviors must be different from those of other children around the same age and developmental level. The behavior must lead to significant problems in school or social activities. To learn more, please visit the NIH: National Institute of Mental Health website.
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